Oil Casing Pipe Hydraulic Test

The hydrostatic pressure test of oil casing pipe is an indispensable part of the steel pipe manufacturing process. Its function is to detect the leakage resistance of the steel pipe under the standard test pressure and the voltage stabilization time. Like radiographic, ultrasonic and other flaw detection techniques, it is an important means to inspect the overall quality of steel pipes.

A popular description is a test in which the pipe is filled with water and tested under pressure to maintain the specified pressure without leakage or rupture. Its operation includes three steps of flushing, pressure test, and water control.

The oil casing hydraulic testing machine can be used to detect the pressure resistance of the oil casing. It uses the form of a pressurized cylinder to pressurize. The pressurized form is fast, stable and reliable. It is equipped with automatic control technology to display water Pressure curve, input and output test statistics, and store test statistics.

a) Key points of post technical operation

1. Parameter setting: Set the test pressure value and voltage stabilization time according to the specifications, steel grade, and thread type of the pipe to be tested;
2. Perform a full-length hydrostatic pressure test on each pipe. The actual test pressure and minimum voltage stabilization time must comply with the regulations of the process card (sometimes the voltage stabilization time is adjusted appropriately according to the quality of raw materials);
3. During the pressure test, check whether the seals are intact and leaking at any time;
4. Pipe test The pressure control range is: ≥standard water pressure test pressure;

b) Precautions for post operation

1. If the actual hydrostatic test pressure cannot reach the standard pressure due to equipment reasons, the technical department shall be notified in time to make corresponding process adjustments.
2. If the voltage stabilization effect is not good during the pressure test, check whether the seals and pipelines are leaking, and repair if necessary.
3. After the pressure test, pay attention to check whether the tube body has any knocks.

c) API-5CT standard for hydrostatic pressure test related regulations

1. The hydrostatic test pressure value of the pipe with coupling and thread is the lowest value of the hydrostatic test pressure of the flat-end pipe, the maximum hydrostatic test pressure of the coupling, and the internal pressure leakage resistance, but the standard maximum pressure is 69MPa, and the calculated pressure The value is generally rounded to the nearest 0.5MPa.
2. According to API requirements, the hydrostatic test pressure measuring device should be calibrated within 4 months before each use.
3. If the customer has special requirements, a higher hydraulic test pressure can be selected.
4. Leakage in hydrostatic pressure test is the basis for rejection.
5. Unless otherwise agreed between the purchaser and the manufacturer, the coupling blank, coupling material, nearby materials or Q125 steel grade sub-joints are not required to undergo hydrostatic pressure test.

بک لینک چیست؟ خدمات بهترین بک لینک سرویس خرید بک لینک قوی

Why Free Makes It Easy – You’ve got to give

The word that is used in searches on the internet more than any other is FREE. Everyone loves something for nothing. No one wants to pay for something if they can get it for free.

Think about all the times you have searched for something on the internet. Whether it was for information, a service, a product, in fact, anything. Did you just type in the description, a keyword or phrase, or did you put ‘free’ before it? If you omitted the word free, when the search engines generated the results, I guarantee it gave you a list of ‘related searches’ containing the keywords you used with ‘free’ in front of them.

The benefit of giving something for free.

As an online business, if you offer a product, service or some information for free, it can have great returns.

First of all it boosts your search engine rankings. As the word is typed into a search more than any other, having it optimized on your website will have amazing dividends.

Once a customer has found you in their search results, further use of the word free will draw them in even more. Giving them something for nothing if they visit your site is a big attraction. In fact it is such a huge attraction that I can’t emphasize how important it is.

How giving something for free can make you money.

When someone visits your site to claim their freebie, several things can happen.

In order to get their free product, they have to give you their name and email address. This is the #1 reason for offering it to them in the first place.

It is highly unlikely that someone will buy something on their first visit to a website. And unless there is an excellent reason for them to return, they may never visit again.

By having their email address, you can contact them and remind them to revisit your site. You can offer them ‘special offers and affiliate sales through your correspondence emails.

It is a well-known fact that there needs to be an average of 7 contacts (sales pitches, reminder revisits, offers etc…)with a customer before they will actually buy something. The reasons for this are quite lengthy and are a whole other article, so let’s stick to the matter at hand.

By being able to have important contact with your customers, your chances of them making a purchase have increased significantly.

They learn to ‘trust you’, you become familiar to them and that is what often clinches the deal. You gain these things from your customers and then they buy.

So, that’s how you make money from giving away something for free.

The quality of free.

The item that you offer, whether it be a subscription to an ezine, an ebook, report or software, MUST be of good quality.

If the customer receives their freebie and the quality is poor, they will not come back to your website and buy anything.

Even if you are the best website in your niche, offering the best deals, they will never find out, because they just won’t come back.

On the other hand, if they are impressed by their free gift, they are more than likely to visit your website again and again. High-quality, useful products are essential if you want the ‘freeze offer’ to work for you.

How you can drive traffic to your website using ‘free’.

Classified ads are a fantastic way to drive traffic to your website. The headline and description should be centered around the infamous “what’s in it for me”. That is offering them a freebie. This will intice them to click the link and visit your website.

You can post classifieds for free. Just type ‘free classifieds’ into the search box and choose from the 1000’s of results that the search engines produce. Submit your ads often and the traffic will keep coming.

Other ways to drive traffic using ‘free’.

Simply use it anywhere your ads appear. If you publish articles, reports or ebooks, put your offer in your resource box. If you use pay-per-click, use the offer as your ad copy. Advertising in ezines, weather its your own, an affiliates or bought advertising, again use the free offer in your resource box.

Choose carefully.

When deciding on what it is that you will give way, there is one piece of advice that is vital.

Make the free item appropriate to you audience. Whatever niche you operate it, stick with the theme.

If you offer an ebook on ‘how to knit fancy tea cosies’ and your business sells musical instuments, you will be heading for a problem.

The customer will visit your website to get their ebook. They will download it and probably be very pleased if it contained high quality information on ‘how to knit fancy tea cozies’. When you contact them via email with for example a ‘special offer on violin strings’, unless by some highly unlikely, random chance that they play the violin, they will not visit your website again. Startup news India

No matter how many emails you send them, their interest was tea cozies, not musical instruments. Why should they visit your site again? The fact is they won’t.

So be mindful of what your own niche actually wants and give it to them.

In conclusion, the more you offer freebies, the more money you will make.

It is one of the best traffic drivers and is a straightforward concept.

Diameter Signaling Market Research Report

The GMI Research forecasts that the Diameter Signalling Market is witnessing an upsurge in demand over the forecast period. This is mainly due to the ongoing adoption of signaling-intensive applications, such as social networking, on smartphones and tablets.

Request for a FREE Sample Report on Diameter Signalling Market

Introduction of the Diameter Signalling Market
Diameter signalling is used by extensive range of network elements to transmit information related to device tracking, session tracking, session management, data usage, and other information.

Key Players of the Global Diameter Signalling Market:
Oracle Corporation
Ribbon Communications Operating Company
Mitel Networks Corporation
Syniverse Technologies
Diameter Signalling Market Dynamics (including market size, share, trends, forecast, growth, forecast, and industry analysis)
The accelerating penetration of smartphones and smart devices along with the increasing introduction of novel devices by the prominent players through various investments, partnerships, and collaboration strategies, are some of the major drivers responsible for the growth of the global diameter signaling market. For example, Bombardier, in 2020, introduced the EBI Sense digital service for predictive maintenance of rail signaling. The service used sophisticated technology such as IoT, cloud, and machine learning to convert asset performance data into powerful insights. In addition, other factors, which include the increasing endorsement of 4G and modernized technologies, and raised mobile data traffic, have propelled the market growth. According to the GSMA, approximately 5.2 Billion people in 2019 subscribed to mobile services, which accounted for 67% of the global population. However, inflated capital costs and a skilled workforce to manage the services such as cloud computing, IoT devices will hamper the market growth.

Diameter Signaling Market Segmentation: Segmentation by Type
Diameter Edge Agent [DEA]
Diameter Interworking Function [IWF]
Diameter Routing Agent [DRA]
Segmentation by Offering
Segmentation by Systems
Process Systems
Analysis Systems
Segmentation by Connectivity Technology
Segmentation by Application
Policy Management
LTE Broadcast
Mobility and Voice over LTE [VoLTE]
Segmentation by Region:
North America
United States of America
Asia Pacific
Rest of APAC
United Kingdom
Rest of Europe
South Africa
Saudi Arabia
Rest of the world (remaining countries of the LAMEA region)
About GMI Research

GMI Research is a market research and consulting company that offers business sights and market research reports for every enterprise, including small & medium enterprises and large organizations. Our research team helps the clients to understand the impact of market dynamics such as market size, share, drivers, growth opportunities, and other aspects. We have a team of analysts and industry experts who conduct market intelligence studies to ensure relevant and fact-based research across a wide range of sectors such as FMCG, Technology, Energy, Healthcare, and other industries. We collect relevant information about the industry using both internal and external databases. Our main focus is to keep our clients abridged of the emerging opportunities and challenges in a wide range of industries. We provide step-by-step assistance to our client through strategic and consulting services to reach a managerial and actionable decision. Featured in the ‘Top 20 Most Promising Market Research Consultants’ list of Silicon India Magazine in 2018, we at GMI Research are always looking forward to helping businesses stay ahead of the curve.

Connecting the Past and the Present: Healing Abandonment and Abuse Through Awareness

Many people I work with in therapy or in my writing-as-healing classes discover stories that surprise them–stories about the mistakes they felt their parents made, power imbalances in the family, or stories about physical or sexual abuse. The darker stories are often a surprise: when writers sat down to write, those issues were not directly on their minds, but deep, revealing stories erupted from the pen. Though they were unexpected, for some they were a relief. People who have been in therapy have had the same kind of experience–the subject matter in the forefront of the mind is not the material that “accidentally” arises during the session. The therapy session begins with a particular subject in the present–for example dissatisfaction at work or trouble in a relationship, but often travels back in time with associations to parents, school, or past relationships.

It has become a cliché to talk about “dysfunctional” relationships and families, but most people do not have perfect families, and many have had to struggle with a range of problems–alcoholism, abuse–physical, sexual, or emotional, eating disorders, and depression, to name a few. No one likes to be reminded of the past but when it keeps coming up, we are pushed to learn new responses as we search for more peace and positivity in our lives.

The past is not dead–it’s not even past. -William Faulkner

Different kinds of abandonment

For people who have been abandoned, either literally by actual physical absence, or emotionally–a parent can be in the home and not there for us–the abandoned child syndrome may remain years later, showing up through insecurities and fears, clinging behaviors or its opposite–walls to intimacy. The abandoned child inside the adult can create havoc such as alcohol abuse, repeating their own abandonment by abandoning children, or refusal to have children out of fear of repetition. Depression, lack of energy and creativity, anger, and trying to fill up the emptiness may be manifestations of these issues.

When the abandoned child is feeling its pain and loss, the rest of the adult person is unable to find emotional balance. New skills are needed to help sort out the confusion, and to create new, healthier patterns. Part of the healing may include grieving and anger, as those repressed feelings are released. But it is equally important to look at strengths: how well you are doing and what you want to contribute to the world as well as the positive side of parents and caretakers. Most people do the best they can.

Healing is a process of peeling the onion, so to speak. Revealing one layer after another, with time for rest and integration, leads to inner peace, resolution, and forgiveness.

Here are some suggestions:

1. Write about parallels between the past and the present. Become more aware of old patterns finding their way into your current life.

2. List all the ways you feel you were abandoned. Don’t worry if the list doesn’t make logical sense or is too long or short. Just write what you feel and remember.

3. Look at photographs of you and your family from those time periods as a way to help you remember details. Becoming more aware of the past can help you sort issues in the present.

4. Write an “unsent letter”–do not send it!–to your mother, telling her all the ways you appreciated her.

5. Now write an “unsent letter” listing the ways she let you down. DO NOT send unsent letters in the exercise–these are just ways for you to help yourself to heal.

Do the same for your father.

1. Write about your intentions for today, this week–what do you want to change? What are you goals in your life now?

2. What are you doing well now, and how is it different and better than what you or your family might have done in the past?

3. What are your strengths? Name 10 things your friends would say are your best traits.

4. Write about how you are your best friend. How you take care of yourself and like yourself.

Linda Joy Myers, Ph. D., prize winning author of Becoming Whole: Writing Your Healing Story, is a Marriage and Family therapist and teaches memoir-as-healing workshops in the San Francisco Bay Area and nationally. Linda’s work has been praised by reviewers, healers, and radio and television interviewers.

Be Here Now! Get Back into the Present!

The Power of Now. This is the title of a book that requires reflection and introspection. The value of this book’s philosophy is very personal but it does reflect an important universal truth.

Most people’s stress can be related to the their mind wandering to and then dwelling in the past or into the future. We can easily get caught reliving some difficult situation from our past memory. This memory can have a great deal of power and elicit the flight/fight response just as the original experience create a major response. This past response does not even have to have been traumatic, but the re-experience can still feel life threatening.

The future is unknown. The unknown creates a fearful response for many people. When we project ourselves into the unknown future, we can create the uneasiness that will trigger our sub-conscious survival mechanisms. As an example, imagine that you were asked to speak to a group of world leaders, offering your proposals for world peace. It is a great opportunity, but most of us would feel some significant level of stress. Chances are good that if we were actually in this situation, our lives would not be threatened by these leaders, but our body responds as if this were a life or death situation.

Remember, our body has only one way to respond and this involves the triggering of our primitive survival mechanism, the flight-fight response.

Learning to re-engage and to live in the present moment can not only put things back into perspective, it can help to minimize our stress response. If you can be in your body in a positive way, you can change your response to stress and get back in control. With practice it only takes a few seconds, but can be a the difference from getting a distracting headache, an upset stomach, or having an over active mind that does allow you to rest at night.

The following simple (but powerful) exercise can give you needed control over your stress response. Remember to bring your mind back into the present moment as you focus on this technique.

Remember to breathe!

This will help to keep you in your body in a positive way and in present time! Distractions will surface, but gently return your mind’s focus to the process of slowly breathing…. inhale then exhale. You may even want to feel for cool air as you inhale and warm air in the breath you exhale. Imagine that as you exhale you can begin to release distracting thoughts, pain or discomfort, even anxiety. Some people will even be able to imagine that with every breath they can take another step down into comfort and relaxation. With every additional breath you allow yourself to let go of stress and slowly drift deeper into control.

It requires practice and some discipline, but this will work for you. Try it!

Do not let the smaller stresses carry you off into dysfunction or despair. It takes practice, but you will learn to not get sucked in to unnecessary anxiety.

Try this. It can really work well for you.

Please take good care of yourself.

L. John Mason, Ph.D. is the author of the best selling “Guide to Stress Reduction.” Since 1977, he has offered Executive Coaching and Training.

Training / Presentations: Training Adults, Not Teaching Children

Adults are vulnerable to personal and professional embarrassment from poor performance in the training program. Poor performance in the classroom may become the basis for personnel decisions by supervisors or the source of ridicule by peers. Economic benefits or promotion may be associated with the training program, creating a feeling of pressure to succeed. The way you handle these fears will largely determine the effectiveness and usefulness of your training program. To fail to recognize that adults have legitimate fears, or to treat them as children, is to guarantee failure.

Because adults tend to be more critical than children and are used to having more control of their environments than children, it is particularly important to provide learning environments that are comfortable both physically and psychologically. Each adult has a unique expectation of the course. Trainers must allow students to clarify and articulate these expectations before getting into the content. New knowledge and information must be integrated with adults’ previous knowledge. This requires active learner participation, a supportive atmosphere, and freedom of expression. Adults take errors personally, and are more likely than children to let them affect their self-esteem. Therefore, they tend to use tried and true solutions and to be unwilling to take risks. Trainers should design risks which feel safe and calculated.

Training that is in conflict with the basic values of an adult is unlikely to be effective. The trainer must be very conscious of the values of the people in a training program and structure the material so that these basic values are not threatened. However, the concepts presented in the course should also be explained from another perspective to give trainees a broader understanding. This quote by Edward Lindeman sums up the notion that adults must receive special treatment in the classroom if training programs are to be effective. “None but the humble become good teachers of adults. In an adult class the students’ experience counts as much as the teacher’s knowledge.”

Copyright AE Schwartz & Associates All rights reserved. For additional presentation materials and resources: ReadySetPresent and for a Free listing as a Trainer, Consultant, Speaker, Vendor/Organization: TrainingConsortium [http://www.TrainingConsortium.com/]

Training / Presentations: Educating the Adult in You

Think about how most people feel at their first day at work, in a meeting with a new group, or making your first major presentation to your peers or upper management. They might be like ducks, calm on the surface and paddling like crazy beneath the water.

Sure, adults are more independent than children, but that doesn’t mean you can leave them alone in the classroom. For the most part, children are open to new ideas and people, enthusiastic, and curious. However, they also have short attention spans and limited knowledge and life experiences. Adults tend to be more closed and cautious when facing new information, but they have longer attention spans and they may be very knowledgeable in the subject area being taught.

Their wide variety of life experiences may be useful in solving problems or constructing useful idea structures. While adults may at times feel threatened by new things and ideas, and be reserved and controlled in class, they do not require constant supervision, they are capable of being less dependent and emotional than children are likely to be, and they are less likely to be passive recipients of information.

Adults expect recognition on a level close to equality with the instructor; they expect acknowledgment of their contributions to class and their knowledge in the field. In short, unlike children, adults want to be partners of the instructor instead of beneficiaries of his wisdom. But still, there are many very real reasons for adults to feel defensive and fearful in training programs. They are often attending training because of orders which imply that they are not performing well.

Copyright AE Schwartz & Associates All rights reserved. For additional presentation materials and resources: ReadySetPresent and for a Free listing as a Trainer, Consultant, Speaker, Vendor/Organization: TrainingConsortium [http://www.TrainingConsortium.com/]

CEO, A.E. Schwartz & Associates, Boston, MA., a comprehensive organization which offers over 40 skills based management training programs. Mr. Schwartz conducts over 150 programs annually for clients in industry, research, technology, government, Fortune 100/500 companies, and nonprofit organizations worldwide. He is often found at conferences as a key note presenter and/or facilitator. His style is fast-paced, participatory, practical, and humorous. He has authored over 65 books and products, and taught/lectured at over a dozen colleges and universities throughout the United States.

Presenteeism – Present in Body, Absent in Productivity

Presenteeism is alive and ‘not well’ in many businesses today. It will visit your business or may even be present as you read this article.

Presenteeism may be described as ‘attending the workplace with minor or serious illnesses’ when in fact your employee or you should be away recovering’!

It’s a fact of life that when we don’t feel good we don’t operate at our best!

Many of us have observed workers and co-workers who have come in for the day and seemed present at the job only to observe a decrease in productivity or an overrun of deadlines. Some of us would have experienced this ourselves.

Employees or managers attending your workplace with minor sicknesses such as asthma, irritable bowel, migraines, arthritis, stress, fatigue may cause your business serious risk such as legal claims, productivity loss, declining employee morale and a occupational health and safety problem.

With more serious illnesses such as surgery recovery the effect on your business may lead to serious consequences.

In our business culture of lean and mean, fewer people more work, many employees come to work ill just to protect their jobs. After all there are bills to pay, medical expenses, school fees and the list goes on.

With many businesses reliant on team structures the pressure by an ill employee to ‘not let the team down’ is a very real pressure. You can train your team to recognise these factors and save your business considerable grief.

Presenteeism is a concern in our workplaces today as pressure continues on individuals, families and enterprises to remain competitive. Fear is a terrible negative motivator! In the end your business will suffer consequences.

By way of example; at a company I worked for in a senior management capacity we disturbed an executive who had his door closed for quite some time. A staff member of mine had a master key and required access to the executive’s office to get some material and on entering disturbed the executive who was sleeping under the desk on the floor. He was recovering from eye surgery and needed 5 days off on Doctors orders!

From our experience many workplaces do not have the human resource infrastructure or capacity to ensure that they comply with the myriad of regulations and complex legislation that is required to protect your business interests in today’s workplace. However, you are not alone and there are practical solutions for your business.

A few questions could be

1. Have I noticed present employees who are not performing because of illness?

2. Am I actively looking after their welfare?

3. Do I know what my obligations are?

4. Have I policies and procedures to circumvent organisational illnesses such as stress?

5. Do I understand the risk involved in allowing the person to remain at work?

From our experience most employers are not aware of their obligations, consequences and risks and ignorance of these issues is ‘no defence’ in the eyes of the law. There are practical solutions to minimise your risks and give your biz momentum. For more information see [http://www.biz-momentum.com]

Philip Lye started his career in banking and finance as postage clerk for a major bank. He moved through various industry sectors and achieved executive management roles in business as Chief Executive Officer.

He has worked in small business, national and global companies and has significant international experience. Previous to founding Biz Momentum, Philip managed two companies out of impending ruin while being able to retain and develop the current employees.

How to Invite to a Sales Presentation

I recently attended a local presentation for my Network Marketing business. I’d been to dozens of these events before, and I knew the speakers very well. I had no doubt that it would be a great presentation. They were informative and entertaining and, on more than one occasion, the entire room erupted in laughter. Of course at the end of the event, the speaker said, “Don’t you wish you had invited more people to this presentation?”

I was one of the few people in the room who had actually invited a guest to this presentation… Actually, let me clarify. I was one of the only people in the room whose guest actually showed up for the presentation. After the presentation was done, my guest spent the entire ride home thanking me for inviting him. He told me that throughout the presentation his mind was just racing while thinking about all the possibilities for him. I knew that he’d react that way… After all, that’s why I invited him.

While speaking with some of those in the room who were unable to successfully bring a guest to the presentation, it dawned on me what was going wrong.

People weren’t selling the event! They were trying to sell the product/business opportunity.

The proper way to sell anything is to get all the information in front of your prospect or don’t give any information at all. That way your prospect can make an informed decision. It doesn’t matter what you are selling, this rule rings true. If a prospect only has part of the story they will not be properly equipped to make a decision and everyone loses.

The reason that Network Marketing works so well (when it is done right) is because the duplication systems require that a prospect get the information from a sales tool instead of from the distributor. This takes the pressure off of the distributor and allows the prospect to make an informed decision.

The problem is that distributors don’t do it right. They get on the phone and start blabbing about all the features of the program and talk themselves right out of the sale.

Consider this:

The objective of your call is to invite them to a presentation. If the presentation is the objective, then what are you doing talking about your product or business? You need to be talking about the presentation!

When I invited my guest to our recent event, I didn’t talk to him about our product. I didn’t talk about how much money he could make. I simply told him that I thought he could learn something from the event. I told him that we had a great trainer from out of town and that there would be a training session as well. I sold the EVENT!

So then, how do you sell an event?

Always keep this in mind whenever you are selling anything. People DO NOT CARE about features. All they care about is benefits.

Before you pick up the phone to call anyone and invite them to your presentation you must find out how it will benefit them. Here are possible benefits.

  • What will they learn?
  • Will it be entertaining?
  • Can they meet someone there that will be useful to them?
  • Are they interested in knowing what you are working on?

When I invited my guest, I knew that he was interested in starting a business. I knew that he was interested in meeting entrepreneurial people. However, most importantly, I knew that he’d be entertained! So that’s what I told him. The invitation lasted no longer that 1 minute.

One last closing note: If you don’t know how this presentation would benefit your prospect, then either you need to spend more time getting to know your prospect, or you need to find a better presentation. After all, if you can’t think of a reason why anyone would want to see your presentation then how can you sell its benefits?

Your Sales Presentation – Proven Strategy For Pitching the Guy Who Never Has Time

There are few things more frustrating to a sales professional than hearing a sales prospect say, “Sorry, I can’t see you right now.”

When you have trouble persuading a client or prospect to agree to hear your sales pitch here’s a technique to get his/her full attention – for 60 seconds.

That is just time enough to get your main sales points across, provided, needless to say, that you have a convincing 60-second story ready to go. You say frankly, “I know you’re busy. All I require is just one minute to provide you with you some important information. Will you listen to my 60 second sales pitch?”

Generally people will grant you that minute, if just to see if you really can do it. Go ahead and present your pitch, carefully observing your watch’s second hand. You can be certain they’ll remember you when you make a follow-up call later on.

Concerning your pitch: Make certain you get it completely under your control. Deliver just your most important sales points. Keep your lingo short and hard-hitting. Don’t squander a word. (Most people usually speak 120 to 160 words in 60 seconds, without rushing.) Write it out. Try it out on a couple of associates. Memorize it..

Keep the final 10 seconds for a question to the prospect: “Should I fill out your order now?” or maybe, “What time may I return to show you the demo?”

If a prospect wants more after you’ve intrigued him/her with your 60 seconds of highlights, you’re making progress toward the sale.